ILERI et le monde prend une autre dimension

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Bachelor

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The Bachelor is both a professional and international course that can start after passing high school examinations and is completed in three years. It is a general training course containing various programs, thus opening all the doors towards future possibilities. Ileri’s broad-based Bachelor degree offers a wide range of courses and prepares students for all their future specializations in the field of international relations.


Assets

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On-Hands Training
A professional internship means genuine experience that is a significant one for the students and helps them define their future plans.

An Interactive and Participative Training
Debates, presentations, oral presentations, all make room for dialogue between teachers and students.

Original Classes
Thanks to writing out files and dissertations, students can seize the opportunity to deepen their knowledge on specific subjects that all contribute to making the right choice when specializing.

Genuine Student / Teacher Co-operation
The teaching body is available for the students, to listen and help and follow the progress of each person. It’s a person to person situation that makes students feel secure, integrated and looked after.

Organization of Studies
Initial training of 1,295 hours of classes over 3 years.
Two full time terms from October to June: 180 credits (everything included)

This course is a pedagogical initiation for non would be lawyers which is often considered as being complicated, even boring It is true that this subject matter has two sides to it: technical (the rules of the road…) and metaphysical (God, St. Thomas and natural rights); it can be insipid and dry (reading articles and paragraphs on codes …) or can be of the highest interest  (how to make a text state the contrary to what it stated before ?). Sometimes it is clear and obvious, sometimes obscure and vague and sometimes, when it appears to be clear, it is actually obscure; showing different sides:  here it’s written down, there it’s only oral and not written out, here it’s systematic, (Cartesian!), there it’s caustic and baroque.
This course mainly deals with questions relative to international societies from an angle of law. The main people involved in international life such as in the States and international organizations are at the heart of important developments such as the subjects of international law responsible for managing international relationships. In order to have a clear vision of the structure of international societies and the laws they are under, this training is essential.  While devoting a lot of time to current diplomatic issues, this course also examines the ‘new movers’ on the international stage (individuals, NGOs, various groups,) though they are not taken into account by positive international law, are nonetheless an important growing part of  the international world today.
This course gives students the tools to understand how a foreign law might be strange and also awakens the curiosity of the students. Hence, we study English Law in depth – which is particularly strange for a continental observer- by situating it in its cultural context. Moreover, this course develops a sense of criticism and independent thinking by making students acquire by themselves, knowledge on French and American constitutional rights and comparing and assessing solutions for various studied rights.
In 1st year, the course on political economy gives students a ‘conceptual tool box’ to acquire know-how on interpreting economic and social events in their national and international environment. The basic reasoning and economic analysis tools are used in a return way, going from the theory to their hands-on usage.
These classes are new for some, are more in depth for others and mean that students can follow the movements of the economic thinking process on the State’s role in a market economy. It also involves asking questions about main economic balance in a global economy and questioning the strategies of companies in a competitive environment. So doing, students are introduced to the main economic stakes and current debates, while respecting conceptual rigor and intensifying their general culture.
This course is open to third year students (L1). The contents are about acquiring the necessary basis for understanding the international system, which is complex and can be approached in many different ways. Thus, after exploring the theme of international relationships we try to understand the international system by studying the major principles and theories that are followed. In the very heart of international relations, we can see that these are regulated by laws but also by power.
For first year students, one of the objectives of this course is to give a certain number of historical landmarks in a university structural perspective; this means situating current international realities in a larger economic, social, political and cultural framework. Of course we don’t try to summarize two centuries of general history in just a few classes but think about some themes that contributed to the makings of the contemporary world as it stands today and the stakes involved that still effect the world today.
By using specific books, we situate the importance of the historical approach in the analysis of contemporary phenomenon. The analysis of documents is a first practical approach to using specific historical methods. The main course subjects are the State, the Nation, National feeling and the European horizon in the XIXth. century: « Revolutions » and industrial societies; the European model and the world; France during the IIIrd. Republic and the beginning of a political « ecosystem »; the rise of the USA as a world power: the makings of a nation; the First World War as a « European civil war »; France during its dark years 1940-1945 ; time and place of the « Cold War » : triumph of  liberalism « end of history » ?
This course involves acquiring theoretical and basic conceptual knowledge of contemporary geopolitics which is fundamental to well understand the international scale today. Case studies, the classic schools and the most important writers are studied for this purpose. The students receive a study book made up of various basic texts to deepen their knowledge.
This course is open to third year students (L1). It consists in the revision of contemporary international relations from 1945 to today. Most students will have studied this in High School. So, the objective is to remind them of the big moments in contemporary history which are necessary to understand international relations and the way the world works today. After having studied the consequences of the after war wake and the different treaties that make room for hope of sustainable peace, we will see how the world slowly « bipolarizes » itself when sliding into a new way of war, the cold war. Then we will see how this war evolved with tension and quiet that will bring one of the two « BIGs » to a lasting weakness.Lastly, we will study the fall of this bipolar world, around which international relations had been organized for more than half a century, and the perspectives of this ‘new world’.

This course is a general introduction to political sociology. It puts into perspective the beginnings of Sociology in relation to human science. We pay particular attention to: Alexis de Tocqueville, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber. We also read the sociological environment of contemporary writers such as: Norbert Elias, Raymond Boudon,  Pierre Bourdieu. The second part of the course involves the presentation of major sociological themes: the theory of power and domination, theories of communication and theories of organization.   We pay particular attention also to major writers who work on these areas: Michel Crozier, Jürgen Habermas, Michel Foucault, and to the nature of their studies, their analysis, specifications and the originality of their conclusions. Lastly, during the third part, we emphasize comparing and studying methods in social science.
This course teaches students :
1. How to think about the shared European heritage in the building of a cultural identity
2. To define European historical continuity and the origins of cultural splits  (mainly identity conflict in Eastern Europe)
3. To draw up a historical and cultural result of the PECO countries
4. To know about religious and language differences in these areas
5. To answer the question: can Europe be built on and through culture?
This course is based on the study of the historical, political and cultural founding of the countries that make up North America. These cultural elements are part of a global analysis of the politics, the strategies and actions of these nations so as to understand their role in contemporary international relations.
The course is made up of the following themes: the political and administrative organization of Canada and the United States, also the historical impact in the constitution and organization of the power of North America along-with the study of American geopolitics and its consequences and the major cultural and economic features of American society.
This course is open to first year students (L1). It involves applying and revising to allow students to strengthen their management of methodology. The module is organized into mini-seminars during which students participate orally and write on subjects about international current affairs. By so doing, they can put into practice the study of methodology while deepening their knowledge of major international issues.
International public law is a vast and complex subject which can not be examined thoroughly in one single module. Nevertheless, one module should prove sufficient to present the major themes to non-specialist students. The teaching of international relations requires knowledge of the main governing legal principals: characteristics which can not only be explained through political facts alone. Knowledge of essential facts is necessary for the consideration of the role of international law. Here lies the aim of this module, which provides fundamental elements on what law is (the sources) and the way in which it is applied and proscribed through mechanisms of international responsibility and conflict resolution.
This course provides a general introduction to the organization and the workings of the EU which represents a very original model, half-way between an international organization and a federal state. This can therefore not be ignored by a student of international relations. The institutional, legal and jurisdictional systems which make up the EU and cause it to have particular traits will be presented. By combining a political and legal approach, this module will allow students to better understand the complex reality of European construction.
This lecture and tutorial hope to bring life to a field of law which is known to be difficult. Through the study of numerous examples and by tackling some aspects of criminal and employment law, this subject will focus on 4 areas:
Shopkeepers, businesses and companies
Business contracts
Civil and criminal responsibility of the corporate body
Different kinds of companies
This module aims to put into perspective major issues of the contemporary world to decrypt the way in which the Press treats current topics, and to develop the critical mind of the student. The following themes will be tackled:
1. The globalization debate
2. The environment, what planet will we inherit ?
3. Can we speak of a war of religions today ?
4. Oil : a  battle for black gold
5. The United States, the police of the world ?
6. The European Idea
7. Must one be afraid of China ? (and India ?)
8. What is in store for Africa ?
9. The Near-East question
10. Humanitarian issues
This course aims to present historical, ideological and socio-economical bases of the current Chinese political system both on the Asian continent and in the world. A historical study of the PRC from 1949 to today, as well as political organizations on a national and local level. The economic burdens on China will be studied along with its economic co-operations (APEC, WTO, ASEM, ASEA). Analysis of China‘s foreign policy, regional policy (Japan, India…) and the role of China in the world (the UN, the United States, Europe, Africa…). Current Chinese society (culture and mentalities) and Franco-Chinese relations will also be studied.
The aim of this course is to allow students to understand the realities of Latin America, firstly by looking at it’s historical formation and then it’s modern dimension. In this world, history plays an essential role. It is therefore this historical dimension that should allow students to understand the different socio-political and economic current affairs. It is, in fact, difficult to understand the concentration of riches in this world if we do not take the Conquest or Colonial Order into account, as well as the Caudillist era which will be developed independently.

While explaining each historical phase of this world, we will attempt to place ourselves in an encompassing perspective. The principal aim of this module is to place Latin America in the context of development of current globalization
POL205 Geopolitics : South-East Asia

This course, which will be based around seven session of 3 hours each, aims to present the major issues of Eastern Asia: political issues (the exit of Communism, the end of authoritarian regimes, democratization), economic issues (the start, the 1997 crisis, the resumption), security issues (the rise of military power, focal point of conflicts, translational threats) and international issues (regionalization and relations with foreign powers) .

This course is both general and methodological with a specific topic treated in each session in order to improve skills of reflection, presentation and expression of students (ex: demographical issues in Eastern Asia, , piracy in South-East Asia, Myanmar : A Mafia State ?).

This course follows on from Political Science I. It deals more particularly with the State, it’s workings and it’s relationship with society. It is comprised of three parts, the first part covers the construction of political order, focus is placed on the birth and general characteristics of the State, the plurality of regimes and political institutions, divergences of opinion and cultural policies. The second part outlines and analyses the process which allows political order to be accepted by individuals. Focus is placed on legitimization of political order and participation in politics, rule learning and political representation. Finally, the third part explains the practical details of challenging political order and three themes are treated in particular: the  public platform (public opinion and the media), conflict strategy and  details of political change.
The aim of this course is to give to students basic knowledge in economic matters by considering the principal economic concepts from a theoretical and empirical point of view. The course will attempt to illustrate theoretical concepts through the study of current affairs. The principle economic concepts mentioned will be the following: the budget of the State, the labor market, inflation, growth, and consumerism.
This course aims to give students basic knowledge on matters of international business and the internationalization strategy of firms.

There will be two major focal points:
Firstly, the evolution of international exchange as well as key concepts of specialization and competitiveness will be studied. In this context, business policies are understood by studying in particular the theory of protection (analysis of custom laws, informed protection, tariff-free barriers), and current problems inherent to the WTO.
The second point concerns the internationalization of production in the context of the globalization of companies. The phenomenon of multinational companies and the decisive factors of direct foreign investments are tackled.

This course will present monetary mechanisms and the conditions of the financing of the economy. Firstly, after having specified the different definitions of currency, we will study the historical evolution of it’s use and focus on the conditions of supply and demand. Secondly, through paying particular attention to the workings of « Euro-land », we will distinguish the financing by financial institutions from those carried out on the market (monetary and financial), before concluding on monetary policy led by the Central European Bank.
The research methods seminar on the European Union is open to second year students. It is similar to the first year seminar, being a course on application and review with the aim of improving one’s methodological knowledge while at the same time learning more about the European Union and it’s institutions. The module is organized in mini-seminars during which the student is called upon (orally and in writing) to deal with topics linked to European institutions and what is happening in them today.
The evolution of the socio-economic context has not ceased to call managerial practices into question : From Taylor to Mintzberg, not forgetting Mayo, Lawrence and Lorsch, the enterprise is looking for new answers through effective management. Managing is the art of decision-making: to give an identity to tomorrow’s company, to reduce the incertitude of the environment and to obtain the best from one’s group by coordinating and motivating it. However, there are still some difficulties: the choices of the entrepreneur are both irrational and contingent.

After reflecting on the company’s goals, environment and organization, the different workings of the company and it’s management, are tackled. Then the techniques used to help decision-making are outlined. Finally, the different methods of diagnosis are specified, they will allow the enterprise to make a strategic choice (external management) and to be equipped with a structure and procedures to carry through this strategy (internal management).

At the end of the 2nd year of the Institute‘s undergraduate programme, the student must undertake an internship of a minimum of 8 weeks. The aim of this internship is to allow students to apply, in the field, the knowledge acquired at school and to discover the professional world or a sector of his/her choice in the domain of international relations or international business and it’s branches. This is an internship for which the student will submit a report demonstrating a certain reflection on the acquired experience conforming to norms set out in the « internship report guidelines » issued by the Institute. All internships must receive prior approval of the administration of the Institute and will then be subjected to an internship contract.
This is the starting point for reflection on company law and contractual freedom. What is a company, if not a group of people who freely and with a lucrative goal pool together the means to go beyond the bounds of an individual business? A business contract has a legal, financial and fiscal component. Contractual freedom of economic agents thus produces a considerable number of social forms. These are classed in accordance with legal categories and are founded in accordance with ever-diversifying legal sources. No matter what the social techniques are, the question of their legal definition, their regime, unilateral contracts or acts, contracts or the corporate body, contracts or institutions, is inexorably asked.

The legal regime of every type of company is thus deployed in areas ranging from free contracts to highly reglemented institutionalization, and from contracts to statute. This is clear if we take the example of the two most typical forms of company: civil and anonymous. By comparing the fundamental principles of their making, their exercise and their extinction, the debate on the contractual and statutory legal nature of the company is clearly illustrated (I. – A comparison of two legal business structures). The grouping of companies and their internal relations illustrate the particularity of Company Law which combines contractual freedom demands and legal security. (II – The particular relations of business groups). The arrival of the Anglo-American concept of Corporate Governance which appeared in Financial Security Law on August 1st 2003, finally reformulated the question in the context of the growing globalization factor in Company Law.

This course aims to resolve the problems caused by the multiplication of international relations between private individuals in today’s world. It presents complex solutions which have been cleared up by the law, international conventions, jurisprudence and doctrine.
The solutions consist in determining the law which is applicable to international relations which could interest two or more States. These solutions specify which judge has the competences to resolve such disputes and how rulings passed abroad will affect France.
Focus is particularly on international contracts between private companies or individuals as well as on extra-contractual responsibility, insisting on problems of pollution, competition, counterfeiting and cross-border matters.
The module on external relations and diplomacy of the European Union is open to 3rd year students. It’s objective is to allow students to understand how the European Union intervenes in international relations. In fact, the European Union, due to it’s particular and complex legal status, plays a role which is often difficult to understand internationally.

The first part of the module is devoted to the study of the international legal « ability » of the European Union: in particular, to explain the international legal ability of the European Union and the way in which this is structured with the competences of member States. Next, this international competence is analyzed and in particular how the EU is represented internationally and the international character of policies put in place by the EU.

The second part is devoted to the « practical » study of the international role of the European Union.

The EU, in fact, maintains, bilateral relations with numerous countries, as well as multilateral relations with different international organisations: these relations should be studied to better understand the role of the European Union.

This module is show the student how to understand political matters and the legal importance of international instruments relative to Human Rights when confronted with real situations. In order to do this, students are encouraged to analyse and compare conventional positions, international organization actions and jurisprudence of international jurisdictions.
This module aims to provide students with essential knowledge in matters of attribution, acquisition or loss of French nationality. The rights of foreigners will also be studied, the topics tackled being their entrance and stay in France, the distancing of foreigners from the territory as well as the welcoming of refugees and European Union law.
The aim of this course is to understand what is at stake following major geopolitical changes on an international scale. Recent international news is covered and memorable events which define a new agenda and understanding of the organization of the world. Unclear cases will be analyzed, as will those of a geopolitical nature in order to inform students of a new global order which is taking place.
This module aims to teach students:
1) to analyze, in hindsight and without prejudice, a specific situation in this region, in it’s local, national and international context;
2) to throw light on major identity conflicts as well as essential political, economic, religious and cultural matters which are unique to this geographical zone;
3) to understand national diversity in Russia as well as the particularities of the Russian mentality and the historical role of Orthodoxy in post-soviet Russia (Russian ideas ; problems of the Russian-speaking population beyond the border of the Russian Federation; nationalism and xenophobia in contemporary Russian society);
4) to master the matters of identity in Central Asia (Islamism and current land division) ;
5) to carry out an assessment of bilateral relations between Russia and it’s neighbours in the West.
This course aims to study contemporary geopolitical questions from the point of view of conflicting action on an international scale led by those from outside the State. Different themes such as political violence, drug trafficking, organized crime by pirates and even pandemics will be studied.
Students are given files and texts aimed at deepening their knowledge and adding to the course.
This course aims to provide students with theoretical tools necessary to analyze international life. Knowledge of various theoretical paradigms is essential to break away from common sense or « journalistic » analysis and reach a scientific understanding of international relations. The course is composed of four parts. The first parts puts the historical aspect of the discipline into perspective (birth of a discipline, the realistic paradigm and it’s contestation). The second part presents theoretical foundations of international relations (power, legitimacy, war and peace, law and justice) The third part analyzes strategies of those involved in international relations (States, International Organisations, individuals and those from outside the border). Finally, the fourth part takes an interest in the redistribution of the international scene (the process of  regionalization, foreign policy and public opinion).
This course aims to familiarize students with the major political and economic problems of the modern Arabic world. It also hopes to provide students with general knowledge which will allow them to understand the evolution of the political and strategic situation of this region. This module puts the historical evolution of the Arabic world since the start of the 19th century into perspective (from  Ottoman to Arabian, the fight for independence, Arabic nationalism against Zionism). Then, the second part of the module is devoted to socio-economic changes and their political implications( oil, and the question of the State as a shareholder, Islamist challenge to power, the elections and the problematic of democratization). Finally, the third part is devoted to the decomposition of the Arab world in the era of globalization (the security of the Arab-Persian Gulf, the Iraq question, the emergence of the Arab viewed  by the media).
This course aims to provide students with the necessary knowledge to better understand contemporary Africa by trying to put prejudices to a side, something which is difficult to do. After a general look at the history and geography of the continent, we will concentrate on the question of the State of Africa, before offering our thoughts on the role of the continent in international relations and it’s relations with Bretton Woods institutions. . Finally, we will question some current concepts to speak about this continent: « (under) development », « democratization », « civil society », etc…
This course aims to familiarize students with the international monetary and financial environment which is in constant evolution. It will help students to master problems linked to international finance. The evolution of the Bretton Woods system and the problems it is encountering today will be analysed, as well as it’s different reforms, the structure of the IMF, and it’s supporting role towards developing countries, and countries in debt. The international role of the dollar, the phenomenon of the European currency, and the growth of international liquid assets will be explained. The causes and consequences of financial globalization as well as the possibility to ensure certain regulations on international finance will also be examined.
This module aims to analyze a certain number of international questions in modern economics. The themes evoked deal with globalization. To be more specific, the following topics are considered: The globalization of tastes and the approach of cultural differences and their impact on the strategy of multinational firms, the consequences of the business of multinational firms abroad, the attractiveness of territories, the emergence of China in international economic relations, the relationship between globalization and poverty and the enlargement of the European Union.
The aim of this seminar is to offer students rudimentary knowledge and necessary bibliographical sources to reflect on legal reasoning. Firstly, it will be necessary to distinguish the different realities of the notion of legal reasoning, varying from general to specific: all reasoning practiced in the legal world, reasoning which concerns the application of the law, specific reasoning of a judge in a judgment or ruling, and discursive intellectual activity of a lawyer used to interpret norms of the judicial system to justify a decision. It would seem that notions of « interpretation » , « argumentation » and « justification » appear as topical elements in the analysis of legal reasoning.

To illustrate these theoretical developments, there will be weekly presentations on major legal concepts: objective and subjective laws, public law and private law, property rights, legal acts and facts, the application of the law in days of old, the main principles of civil procedure, the matter at hand, the burden of proof and eligibility of proof etc., allowing students to place methodological viewpoints along side the daily application of the law.

The objective of the marketing module is to make students aware of market developments and international trade. This module allows students to understand the evolution of consumerism, distribution and competition. In 3rd year, we will tackle the history, current developments and the functions of marketing. An essential point of this module involves a dynamic and interactive approach to the markets and their components. We will study the life cycle and product ranges, as well as the needs and behavior of consumers. We will develop techniques of marketing diagnosis in a firm and will carry out a market study based on business case studies. Finally, we will study the drafting of marketing and communication plans.
Management, also known as decision-making, requires a good information system, financial information is a sub-product of general accounting to which everyone can access because the firm must submit it’s annual accounts. From very simple methods, accessible to not only those at ease with figures, it is possible to evaluate the financial health of the firm from four key points:

– is the firm profitable?
– does it have a satisfactory financial balance? (with the state of the Treasury as a consequence)
– is the firm solvent? (can it face it‘s current liabilities with it’s available assets ?)
– finally, is it too dependant on banks in terms of financing ?

Profitability is made clear by the income statement and sales. Financial balance is measured through the balance sheet (the calculation of the global net working capital funds, etc.), solvency is understood by the ratio of liquid assets, and finally financial independence results in the calculation of some particular ratios and the ability to self-finance.